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ഗാന്ധിജിയുടെ ജീവിതത്തില‌ുടെ ഭാഗം-2

Releted Posts With this Label

Year

Month

Date

Event

1933

February

11

Founds the weekly paper Harijan, published in English and Hindi.

1933

May

8

Commences at noon 21 days’ fast for self-purification; released unconditionally at 9 p.m.

1933


9

Announces suspension of Civil Disobedience movement for six weeks and calls on the Government to withdraw its Ordinances.

1933


29

Breaks fast.

1933

July

26

Disbands Satyagraha Ashram.

1933


30

Informs Government of Bombay of his decision to march from Ahmedabad to Ras with 33 followers to revive Civil Disobedience movement.

1933


31

Arrested and imprisoned without trial.

1933

August

4

Released and rearrested for breaking a restraint order.

1933


16

Goes on fast on being denied facilities to carry on anti-untouchability propaganda.

1933


23

Released and reasserted for breaking a restraint order.

1933

November

7

Commences Harijan-uplift tour.

1934

September

17

Announces decision to retire from politics from October I to engage himself in development of village industries, Harijan service and education through basic crafts.

1934

October

26

Inaugurates All-India Village Industries Association.

1936

April

30

Settles down at Sevagram, a village near Wardha in the Central Provinces, Making it his headquarters.

1937

October

22

Presides over Educational Conference at Wardha and outlines his scheme of education through basic crafts.

1939

March

3

Commences ‘fast unto death’ at Rajkot to secure Ruler’s adherence to promise given to reform administration, and ends it on March 7 on Viceroy’s intervention.

1940

July & Sept


Meets Viceroy by invitation in connection with war situation.

1940

October


Sanctions individual civil disobedience; suspends Harijan and allied weeklies following official demand for pro-censor-ship of reports and writings in Harijan on the subject of satyagraha.

1941

December

30

At his own request is relieved of hi leadership of Congress by Working Committee.

1942

January

18

Restarts Harijan and allied weeklies.

1942

March

27

Meets Sir Stafford Cripps in New Delhi; later declares Cripps proposals to be a ‘post-dated cheque’.

1942

May


Appeals to British Government to quit India.

1942

August

8

Addresses A.I.C.C. session in Bombay on implications of Quit India resolution.

1942


9

Arrested and interned in Aga Khan’s Palace at Poona.

1942


15

Death of Mahadev Desai, Gandhiji’s personal secretary, from heart failure, in Aga Khan’s Palace.

1942

Aug-Dec


Corresponds with Viceroy and Government of India regarding disturbances.

1943

February

10

Commences 21 days’ fast, which he breaks on March 3.

1944

February

22

Kasturba Gandhi dies in Aga Khan’s Palace.

1944

May

6

Released unconditionally.

1944

September

9-27

Carries on talks with M. A. Jinnah regarding Pakistan.

1944

October

2

Presentation of purse of 110 lakhs of rupees (£ 8,25,000) for Kasturba Memorial on occasion of 75thbirthday.

1945

April

17

In a statement regarding the ensuing San Francisco Conference says that peace is impossible without equality and freedom of India. Also demands a just peace for Germany and Japan.

1945

December

19

Lays foundation stone of C. F. Andrews’ Memorial Hospital at Shanti Niketan.

1945-46

Dec-Jan


Tours Bengal and Assam.

1946

Jan & Feb


Tours Southern India for anti-untouchability and Hindustani propaganda.

1946

February

10

Revives Harijan and allied group of weekly journals.

1946

April


Participates in political talks with Cabinet Mission in Delhi.

1946

May

5-12

In Simla; Simla Conference in session; deliberations prove infructuous.

1946


16

Cabinet Mission announces Plan.

1946


18-19

Discusses Plan with Cabinet Mission.

1946


26

Considers Plan best document produced by British Government under circumstances.

1946

June

6

In Missouri.

1946


7

Returns to Delhi.

1946


10

Refuses to enthuse over Allied victory as not being ‘victory of truth over false-hood’.

1946


11

Viceroy interviews Gandhiji, moots proposal of Coalition Government at Centre.

1946


16

Cabinet Mission negotiations discontinued; Viceroy proposes Interim Government.

1946


18

Congress Working Committee decides to accept Interim Government scheme.

1946


20-1

Attends Working Committee meeting. Gandhiji is seen by Cripps.

1946


23

Advises Congress not to enter Interim Government, but only Constituent Assembly.

1946


24

Meets Cabinet Mission.

1946


28

Leaves Delhi for Poona; attempts made to derail train en route.

1946

July

7

Addresses A.I.C.C. meeting at Bombay; Congress accepts Cabinet Mission plan of May 16.

1946


31

Jinnah threatens sanctions of ‘Direct Action’.

1946

August

12

Viceroy announces invitation to Congress to form provisional Government.

1946

August

16-18

The ‘Great Calcutta Killing’.

1946


24

Viceroy Wavell broadcasts Plan.

1946


27

Gandhiji cables warning to British Government against repetition of ‘Bengal tragedy’; also writes to Wavell.

1946

September

4

Interim Government formed.

1946


26

Has interview with Wavell.

1946

October

9

Jinnah’s 9-point demands conveyed to Congress.

1946


10

Noakhali Massacre.

1946


15

Muslim League agrees to enter Interim Government.

1946


28

Leaves for Calcutta. Riots break out in Bihar.

1946

November

6

Leaves for Noakhali; issues statement on ‘Partial Fast’.

Noakhali tour begins.

1946


20

Starts tour without party.

1946

December

20

Completes month-long sojourn at Srirampur.

1946


25

At Noakhali, says: "I am being tested through and through…."

1946


30

Jawaharlal Nehru calls on Gandhiji, who says: "My reason wholly supports my heart".

1947

January

2

Says: "All around me is utter darkness".

Leaves Srirampur on walking tour.

1947


3-29

In Bihar, touring riot-affected areas.

1947


30

Leaves Patna for Delhi.

Mountbatten, new Viceroy, arrives in Delhi.

1947

April

1-2

Gandhiji addresses Asian Relations Conference in Delhi.

1947


15

Issues with Jinnah joint appeal for communal peace.

1947


29

In Bihar.

1947

May

1

Congress Working Committee accepts Partition in principle.

1947


5

in interview, Gandhiji denies that communal division of India is inevitable.

1947


24

Leaves Bihar for Delhi.

1947


31

Declares peace must precede partition, he would not be party to India’s vivisection.

1947

June

2

Viceroy’s Partition plan revealed; Congress Working Committee conveys acceptance.

1947


3

Indian leaders broadcast on Mountbatten Plan.

1947


6

Gandhiji writes to Mountbatten, with Pakistan conceded, to persuade Jinna to amicably settle all outstanding points with Congress.

1947


12

Addresses Congress Working Committee.

1947

July


‘Independence of India Bill’ passed.

1947


27

Appeals to Princes to regard people’s paramountcy as a privilege.

1947

August

14

Hails following day as one of rejoicing for deliverance from, British bondage; but deplores Partition. Pakistan is born.

1947

August

15

Hindu-Muslim fraternization in Calcutta.

1947


16

Hails ‘Miracle of Calcutta’.

1947

September

1

Considers Calcutta peace nine-day’s wonder, decides on fast.

1947


2

Is mobbed in Calcutta house; gives up idea of Noakhali visit. Peace efforts intensified.

1947


4

Breaks fast.

1947


7

Leaves Calcutta for Delhi; commences daily visits to riot-racked areas.

1947


24

Pakistan raiders invade Kashmir.

1947


25

Kashmir accedes to Indian Union.

1947


26

Criticizes Churchill’s ‘holocaust in India’. Statement.

1947

November

1

Indian troops enter Junagadh

1947


8

Junagadh accedes to India.

Addresses A.I.C.C.

1947


11

‘Defends Junagadh’s accession to India.

1947

December

25

Pleads for amicable settlement between India and Pakistan.

1947


30

India refers Kashmir dispute to U.N.

1948

January

12

Decides to fast for communal peace in Delhi; Mountbatten fails to dissuade Gandhiji.

1948


15

Enters ‘danger zone’. Hails Indian Cabinet’s decision to release Pakistan dues of Rs. 550 million. Fast continues for establishment of communal peace.

1948


17

Doctors warn fast must be ended. Central Peace Committee formed, decides on ‘Peace Pledge’.

1948


18

Peace Committee signs, presents ‘Peace Pledge’ to Gandhiji, who breaks fast.

1948


20

Bomb explodes at prayer meeting.

1948


27

Visits Mehrauli Muslim Fair.

1948


29

Angry refugees ask Gandhiji to retire to the Himalayas.

1948


30

Drafts constitution of a Congress transformed into Lok Sevak Sangh.
Is assassinated on way to evening prayer.

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